rear end accident

Rear-End Accidents: Everything You Will Need To Know

Rear-end accidents are surprisingly common. In fact, they are the single most common type of traffic accident throughout both the state and the country. Over 85,000 rear-end collisions occurred on the streets of Illinois in 2014 alone. (1)

In fact, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) estimates that nearly half of all two-vehicle traffic accidents are rear-ended collisions. (2) Because these accidents are so common, it’s important to understand the nature of the problem and how to prevent injuries.


A rear-end collision occurs when one vehicle collides directly into the back of the vehicle in front of it. Crashes often occur when:

1. Hard braking – the leading driver slams on his or her brakes too quickly

2. Hard acceleration – the following driver accelerates too quickly

3. Lack of attention – the following driver does not notice a slow-down of traffic

4. Tailgating – the following driver is driving too close

5. Unsafe driving for the road conditions – the following driver is driving too fast for the road condition such as wet, icy, damaged surface or other road hazards.

6. Poor visibility – the driver of the second vehicle is driving too fast when there is low visibility in conditions such as heavy rain, snow, fog, and low light.

7. Distracted driving – the driver of the second vehicle loses concentration through actions such as fatigue, texting while driving, putting on make-up, looking at their phone, alcohol, drug impairment, etc.

People who have been rear-ended in a car accident tend to suffer a variety of traumatic injuries. By far, the most common repercussion is whiplash. The term whiplash actually describes a diverse set of neck-related injuries. These can range from minor to severe. Whiplash typically results from a sudden jolting of the body. This occurs when a vehicle is hit from behind.


While any combination of factors can contribute to a crash, the NTSB singles out driver inattention as being worthy of particular note. According to one study, distracted driving was present in at least 87 percent of rear-end accidents. The failure of drivers to detect and respond to slowing traffic would, therefore, be a primary cause of such collisions2.


In most cases, the driver that rear-ends another vehicle is at least partially at fault. That’s because there is an expectation that every driver will leave enough space between the vehicle in front to avoid a collision. However, if there has been negligence on the part of the leading car, at least part of the blame may fall on the driver of the rear-ended vehicle.


Whether you’ve hit another car from behind or are the victim of a rear-end accident, it’s important to contact a car accident attorney immediately. Only an experienced lawyer can protect you from an unfair lawsuit. Plus he/she can help you obtain compensation in a rear-end car accident settlement. Contact the seasoned attorneys at Shuman & Associates today to take advantage of our expertise and explore your legal options.

If You Or Someone You Know Has Been Involved In A Car Accident,

CALL (800) 722-9744 NOW To Speak To An Experienced Injury Lawyer For FREE.

Since 1996, the Law Offices of Marc J. Shuman & Associates have been helping Car Accident victims, all injured victims and their families, navigate the complex legal process. As experienced personal injury, worker’s compensation, auto accidents, and wrongful death attorneys, we can help you evaluate the facts.

We can also assess your options, navigate the legal challenges and advocate on your behalf. Marc J. Shuman & Associates has over 77 combined years of experience advocating for over 20,000 injury victims and their families and recovering over 50 million dollars on their behalf.  We advocate on your behalf, so you can focus on the task of recovery.

Sources: 1. Illinois Department of Transportation. “2014 Illinois Crash Facts and Statistics.” Page 14.
2. National Transportation Safety Board. “The Use of Forward Collision Avoidance Systems to Prevent and Mitigate Rear-End Crashes.” 

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