8 Common Birth Injuries

Brachial Plexus Injury

An injury in the brachial plexus nerves that control the arms and shoulders

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

Improper management of the umbilical cord, placenta, or uterine rupture by staff can cause CP

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)

Brain dysfunction due to lack of blood flow or oxygen

Caput Succedaneum

A scalp swelling because of fluid buildup, giving infants a "conehead" appearance

Subconjunctival hemorrhage

It occurs when a long or strenuous birth ruptures blood vessels below the infant’s eyes

Spinal cord injuries

These injuries can cause reduced sensation and immobility


The use of a vacuum extractor applies too much pressure to the baby's skull, leading to the rupture of blood vessels

Bone fractures

More traumatic births may cause broken arms, legs, or, commonly, the collarbone

Have you or your baby suffered injuries during childbirth?